November 17, 2020
Electricity Sector Regulatory
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Certain information contained in this document consists of forward-looking statements reflecting the current view of SEC or the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with respect to future
events. They are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and are based on certain assumptions. Many factors could make the expected results, performance or achievements be expressed or
implied by such forward-looking statements (including, but not limited to, worldwide economic trends, the economic and political climate of Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East and changes in
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materialize or should the underlying assumptions prove different stock movements or performance achievements may vary materially from those described in such forward-looking statements.
Recipients of this document are cautioned not to place any reliance on these forward-looking statements. SEC, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Energy and the Electricity & Cogeneration
Regulatory Authority undertake no obligation to republish revised forward-looking statements to reflect changed events or circumstances.
A new transparent RAB-based regulatory framework has been developed by the regulator (ECRA) without any negative impact on consumers and with
sufficient flexibility to adapt to new circumstances
2 The Balancing Account will allow SEC and its investors to have full financial visibility
The conversion of legacy net financial obligations into a non-dilutive equity-like financial instrument held by the MOF will simplify SECâ€™s capital
structure and improve its capitalisation and leverage
5 The holistic reforms reinforce the commitment of government support to SEC through clear mechanisms
Enhancing SECâ€™s financial strength and operational capability have been at the center of the sector reform
Key stakeholders in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have been working together for a number of years to develop holistic
reforms to the electricity sector with the aim of ensuring the sustainability and efficiency of the electricity sector in the
Kingdom in line with the objectives of Vision 2030
Reforms contribute to the achievement of sector pillars
Safety, Security and Reliability
of supply to all households,
businesses and government
Efficiency reflecting in a
Financial Sustainability allowing
sector players to be profitable
Customer Centricity ensuring
value added services and
high customer satisfaction
enabling the realization of the
Increased Localization through
alignment between power
demand growth and national
Summary of actions
â€¢ RAB based regulatory
the interest of key
allows for SEC to
â€¢ The balancing account
to cover the difference
between required and
â€¢ Balancing account
â€¢ required revenue â€“
revenue from approved
â€¢ Conversion of SEC
and soft loans) to an
Existing government Regulatory framework
Balancing account Government fee
â€¢ Cancellation of
Key elements of the Regulatory Framework
ï‚§ Revenue for SEC determined on a global standard
Regulatory Asset Base methodology starting 01 Jan, 2021.
ï‚§ Balancing fund to cover difference of SECâ€™s required revenue
and actual revenue.
ï‚§ Framework to enable SEC to be financially sustainable and
ï‚§ Operational expenses
ï‚§ Financial obligations to stakeholders
ï‚§ Equity returns to all the shareholders
ï‚§ First regulatory period to enable capability to improve future
compensation based on RAB
Maximum revenue is set through
allowed OpEx, depreciation and
return on regulated asset base
Examples of implementing countries
Regulatory framework summary
Company data submissions
Tariff setting &
Regulatory review process
Asset Base â€¢ Delineating regulated asset base components upon which utilities are allowed to earn a return
WACC â€¢ Defining a fair cost of capital (WACC) that reflects the companyâ€™s cost to finance debt and
Return on RAB1
+ + + Bad debt Required
1. Return on RAB = RAB x WACC
2. For the regulatory period 2021-2023
Balancing account overview
â€¢ Balancing account based on required revenue formula
ï€ Forward looking model based on fair returns on investments
ï€ Established & transparent formula stimulating economical behaviour and enabling long term planning
ï€ Incentivisation of performance improvement
â€¢ Balancing account, that started operating in 2019, will continue in 2020 enabling SEC to meet all its financial obligations including
fuel & dividend payments to all shareholders
â€¢ A new mechanism will be implemented to ensure timely payment of public sector electricity consumption
Balancing account = required revenues â€“ actual revenues
These are the actual revenues of
SEC from applied tariffs
These are the notional revenue
requirements to ensure financial
sustainability of SEC
Customer centricity focus
â€¢ Regulatory framework to set
opex metrics to enable SEC to
provide benchmark service
â€¢ ECRA will monitor various
parameters of SECâ€™s opex, capex,
â€¢ SEC incentivized and
remunerated to spend capex to
maintain service reliability
Enhances reliability Improves service quality Incentivizes Efficiency
Summary of Equity Like Financial Instrument
â€¢ Status: Unsecured and deeply subordinated (junior to all senior payments and obligations; ranks ahead of common equity only).
â€¢ Maturity: Perpetual in respect of which there is no fixed redemption date.
â€¢ Profit rate: Set at 4.5% for 3 year period ending Dec 31 2023; to be reset with reference to the regulatory WACC less margin of 1.5% in
line with the regulatory period.
â€¢ Payments of profit rate: The profit rate is payable if a distribution of dividends to common shareholders is declared by SEC.
â€¢ Mandatory redemption event: To be redeemed in proportion of any share buy back by SEC.
SECâ€™s historical net liabilities owed to
the KSA Government
Accounting treatment expected
SAR 167.92 bn Equity-like
Financial impact on SEC
Policy decisions Financial impact
RAB-based regulatory framework Revenue visibility and adequate ROCE
Balancing account Tariff deficit transferred to MOF, Î” Revenues
Government fee cancellation Î” Net Revenues
Public Sector electricity consumption bill Î” Net working capital
Cash settlement of fuel payments to Saudi Aramco âˆ‡ Net working capital
Legacy receivables netted against payables âˆ‡ Assets and liabilities
Conversion of government payables to equity-like financial instrument Î” Equity
Conversion of soft loans to equity-like financial instrument âˆ‡ Debt, Î” Equity
Payment of dividends to other shareholders = Dividends (no impact expected)
2020: Transition period
Settlement of all government receivables and payables
pertaining to 2020, partly offset by Government fees
Balancing fund for 2020 to cover returns for SEC on a
Revenue cap basis to meet its financial obligations
2021 onwards: Implement and improve
Proposed regulatory framework to come in effect from 1
Framework to enable SEC to be financially sustainable and
ï‚§ Operational expenses
ï‚§ Financial obligations to stakeholders
Balancing account to cover difference of SECâ€™s required
revenue and actual revenue
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